LIFESTYLE AND HYPERTENSION AMONG HILL TRIBE POPULATION OF
MAE FAH LUANG DISTRICT, CHIAN RAI PROVINCE

YUWADEE DUANGTEP, KULAYA NARKSAWAT,
PIANGCHAN ROJANAVIPART REWADEE CHONGSIWAT

This population based case-control study was conducted to assess the association between lifestyle factors and hypertension in hill tribe people in Mae Fah Luang District, Chiang Rai province. The study group consisted of 196 cases of hypertension from 2 local hospital and 13 health centers selected from during March to July,2007 and 196 controls without hypertension. Interviewing for past history of lifestyle factors was performed at the time of recruitment.
Results from unconditional logistic regression analysis demonstrated that significant risk associations between lifestyle factors and hypertension were smoking (adjusted OR = 2.40, 95%CI = 1.38 – 4.17, p = < 0.002), body mass index overweight adjusted OR = 2.90, 95%CI = 1.60 – 5.26, p < 0.001, obese adjusted OR = 3.84, 95%CI = 2.25 – 6.56, p < 0.001), non regular exercise (adjusted OR = 1.96, 95%CI = 1.22 – 3.16, p = 0.005).
The results suggest that dietary counseling programs and physical or exercise programs to reduce body mass index and smoking cessation program to reduce morbidity of hypertension, For this group of hill tribe people should be introduced

KEY WORDS : HYPERTENSION / LIFESTYLE / HIL TRIBE

99 pp.