AND HYPERTENSION AMONG HILL TRIBE POPULATION OF
MAE FAH LUANG DISTRICT, CHIAN RAI PROVINCE
PIANGCHAN ROJANAVIPART REWADEE CHONGSIWAT
This population based case-control study was conducted to
assess the association between lifestyle factors and hypertension in hill tribe
people in Mae Fah Luang District, Chiang Rai province. The study group consisted
of 196 cases of hypertension from 2 local hospital and 13 health centers selected
from during March to July,2007 and 196 controls without hypertension. Interviewing
for past history of lifestyle factors was performed at the time of recruitment.
Results from unconditional logistic regression analysis demonstrated that significant risk associations between lifestyle factors and hypertension were smoking (adjusted OR = 2.40, 95%CI = 1.38 – 4.17, p = < 0.002), body mass index overweight adjusted OR = 2.90, 95%CI = 1.60 – 5.26, p < 0.001, obese adjusted OR = 3.84, 95%CI = 2.25 – 6.56, p < 0.001), non regular exercise (adjusted OR = 1.96, 95%CI = 1.22 – 3.16, p = 0.005).
The results suggest that dietary counseling programs and physical or exercise programs to reduce body mass index and smoking cessation program to reduce morbidity of hypertension, For this group of hill tribe people should be introduced
KEY WORDS : HYPERTENSION / LIFESTYLE / HIL TRIBE